Martin Baltimore II

Martin Baltimore II

Martin Baltimore II

The Martin Baltimore II differed from the Mk I only in that it was delivered

with two 0.30in Browning machine guns in the rear dorsal position in place of the single gun of the Mk. I. Neither installation proved satisfactory, and in most cases was replaced by a British version, using 0.303in Brownings. 100 Baltimore Mk.IIs were delivered as part of the first British order for 400 aircraft, following 50 Baltimore Is. The Baltimore II was used by five operational squadrons, four of which also used the Mk I.

Deck Tours & Day Sails

Yes, Pride of Baltimore II is sailing in 2021! Due to the ever-changing COVID-19 environment, we cannot say when we will be able to welcome folks aboard, though. Since the ship is the crew’s home, we want to be sure that a safe “bubble” is maintained for the “Pride family.” When we feel that it is safe for our crew and for you and your family and friends to mingle aboard the ship, we will definitely make that announcement! In the meantime, starting in mid-March, watch for Pride of Baltimore II on the water and at different ports. We are very excited about our partnership with the National Park Service that will allow educational programming, both virtual and via signage, to be presented at many ports on the Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail this year.

If you want to receive news about Pride II right in your inbox, be sure that you are subscribed to Sail Mail, our e-news.

Deck Tours

Cross the gangway and come aboard to learn about Baltimore’s tall ship, Pride of Baltimore II. Explore the deck and talk to her captain and crew. Learn about the history of Baltimore Clippers and Pride II or hear from a crew member what it is like to sail a tall ship today. Tours are open to guests of all ages. Groups are welcome, too.

If you would like to schedule a private tour, please contact us at 410.539.1151. Accessibility is addressed on a case-by-case basis, so please talk to us ahead of time to be sure we can accommodate your needs.

Please note that dates and times for deck tours are subject to change with short notice.

Day Sails

Stand on deck, feel the wind in your face, and watch the sails unfurl. Help pull lines or just sit back and experience the sail. The ship’s knowledgeable and experienced captain and crew will tell you about Pride’s history, as well as Baltimore’s rich maritime history, and answer questions. Sailing on a wood topsail schooner, particularly one as renowned as Pride of Baltimore II, is a unique experience not to be missed.

Tickets are required and can be purchased online by following the link to our schedule below. Minor passengers under the age of 17 are welcome if accompanied and closely supervised by an adult. Children under seven are asked to provide their own personal flotation device. Snacks and beverages are not provided unless specified on the event registration page. You are welcome to bring your own refreshments, but no glass please.

Please note that dates and times for day sails are subject to change with short notice.

See Maryland Dove in St. Michaels this July

(ST MICHAELS, MD – May 8, 2017) Maryland Dove will arrive at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum on Thursday, July 6, and can be seen out on the Miles River and dockside through Monday, July 10. Local school groups will be touring the ship, with Dove open for boarding to all CBMM guests from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. July 8 – 10. Free public access will be available on July 8 from 5 – 8:00 pm.

“We are honored to host Maryland Dove,” said CBMM President Kristen Greenaway. “The ship is an important piece of maritime and American history—especially Maryland history—and we hope everyone will visit to experience it for themselves.”

Maryland Dove is a re-creation of the late 17th century trading ship that brought the first settlers to what is now Maryland. Built in a shipyard near Cambridge, Md. in 1978, Dove is owned by the state of Maryland and operated and maintained by the Historic St. Mary’s City Commission. To learn more about Maryland Dove, visit

Regina Faden, executive director at Historic St. Mary’s City, said “We are grateful to CBMM, our partner and host, for helping us share Maryland’s ship with visitors on the Eastern Shore. Not everyone is able to come to St. Mary’s City, so we’re coming to them!”

The tours are free with CBMM admission, which is good for two days and is $15 for adults, $12 for seniors, $6 for children ages 6–17, and free for active military, CBMM members, and children aged 5 and under.

The Hudson River Sloop Clearwater will also be at CBMM on Wednesday, July 5 through Friday, July 7. The tall ship Pride of Baltimore II will be at CBMM Friday, August 11 through August 13, with deck tours offered from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. daily. For more information, visit or call 410-745-2916.

Maryland Dove, a re-creation of the late 17th century trading ship that brought the first settlers to what is now Maryland, will be at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum in St. Michaels, Md., from July 6 to 10, 2017. Local school groups will be touring the ship, with Dove open for boarding to all CBMM guests from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. July 8 – 10. Free public access will be available on July 8 from 5- 8:00 pm. To learn more, visit

St. John Paul II’s historic visit to Baltimore 25 years ago put spotlight on Premier See

October 7, 2020
By George P. Matysek Jr.
Catholic Review Filed Under: #IamCatholic, Baltimore Basilica, Feature, Local News, News, Our Back Pages

Pope John Paul II prays during the Oct. 8, 1995 Mass at Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore. (CR file)

The visit of St. John Paul II to Baltimore 25 years ago marked a watershed moment in the history of the first diocese in the United States.

In what was the first and (so far) only visit of a pope to the Archdiocese of Baltimore, the attention of the world was focused on the Premier See as the spiritual leader of a 1-billion-member church invited its American members to live the Gospel more fully.

A willingness to let the Lord transform lives should produce “a renewed spiritual and missionary vitality,” the then-75-year-old Polish pontiff told tens of thousands of people packed into Oriole Park at Camden Yards for a Mass Oct. 8, 1995.

“It is important for America that the moral truths which make freedom possible should be passed on to each new generation,” St. John Paul II said in his homily. “Every generation of Americans needs to know that freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in having the right to do what we ought.”

Pope John Paul II embraces Melissa Brent and Justin Farinelli upon his 1995 arrival in Baltimore. (CNS file photo/Michael Okoniewski)

During his 10-hour visit, the pope enjoyed a parade in his white popemobile from Oriole Park to the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, where he prayed in front of the Blessed Sacrament. The Catholic Review reported that more than 300,000 people lined the parade route.

St. John Paul II also ate lunch at Our Daily Bread with 17 people who had benefited from Catholic Charities programs. He led a prayer service at the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen before visiting 300 seminarians and faculty members at St. Mary’s Seminary.

Years after the historic visit, many who encountered the pope that day said their lives were forever changed.

Melissa Brent, then a 7-year-old student at St. William of York School, was one of two students hugged by the pope after they gave him a welcoming gift of black-eyed Susans at what is now BWI International Thurgood Marshall Airport. The moment was immortalized in a 7-foot, 850-pound bronze statue now standing in the Pope John Paul II Prayer Garden in downtown Baltimore.

Brent told the Review after the dedication of the statue that she felt a sense of warmth, comfort and calm when the pope embraced her. After his death in 2005, she prayed for his intercession whenever she had a difficult decision to make.

Jim and Pat McDonnell spent less than a minute in the presence of Pope John Paul II, but it was enough to change their lives.

The longtime parishioners of Our Lady of Victory in Arbutus had recently lost their son, Ryan, when he was struck and killed by two cars while riding his bicycle.

Baltimore Cardinal William H. Keeler (left) joins Pope John Paul II in celebrating Mass in Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore Oct. 8, 1995. About 60,000 people attended the service at the baseball park during the pope’s 1995 pastoral visit to America. (CNS file photo by Karen Callaway)

Selected to offer the sign of peace to the pope during his Mass at Oriole Park, the McDonnells accompanied their two other children, 14-year-old Sean and 8-year-old Brigid, in approaching the pontiff.

The pope kissed Brigid on the head and embraced her brother, mother and father. He extended heartfelt condolences to Jim McDonnell for the death of his son.

“When I touched him and looked into his eyes, it was just like looking into the eyes of Jesus,” Pat McDonnell told the Catholic Review several years after the pope’s death. “After having that experience with him, I felt like our family could get through anything.”

Chuck and Karen Spivey served as gift bearers with their four children at the stadium Mass. Among Karen Spivey’s most treasured belongings is the rosary the pope gave her that day.

“I watched this man who represents Jesus Christ on Earth kiss and bless each of my children,” the parishioner of St. Joseph, Sykesville, remembered on the occasion of the pope’s death. “Our 2-year-old was acting like a 2-year-old, clamoring to be put down. I remembered that as the pope kissed him, there was this collective ‘ahhhh.’ I had totally forgotten there were 60,000 other people there.”

Pope John Paul II kisses then 8-year-old Brigid McDonnell on the forehead during the sign of peace during an Oct. 8, 1995 Mass at Oriole Park at Camden Yards. (CR file)

As St. John Paul II greeted people during his visit to Our Daily Bread, Sister of Notre Dame de Namur Gwynette Proctor (then-director of the outreach center) was struck that he seemed totally present to each person.

“Pope John Paul II insisted his visit not interrupt the meal that was to be served that day,” Sister Gwynette said later. “He insisted whatever our guests ate, that’s what he would eat.”

A day after the papal visit, Cardinal William H. Keeler called the event “a new central point in defining the archdiocese.”

“The successor of St. Peter came to Baltimore,” Cardinal Keeler said, “and challenged us to do our best.”

Martin Maryland

Martin Model 167 oli yhdysvaltalainen kevyt pommikone, joka lensi ensilentonsa 14. maaliskuuta 1939. Kone palveli toisessa maailmansodassa Ranskassa ja Britanniassa, jossa se sai tyyppimerkinnän Maryland Mk I. [1]

Martin Model 167 Maryland

RAF:n Martin Marylandit Pohjois-Afrikassa
Tyyppi Kevyt tiedustelupommikone
Valmistaja Martin
Ensilento 1939
Esitelty 1940
Poistettu käytöstä 1945
Status Ei käytössä
Pääkäyttäjät Fleet Air Arm
Royal Air Force
Armée de l'Air
Valmistusmäärä 450
Muunnelmat Martin Baltimore
Infobox OK

Yhdysvaltain maavoimien ilma-ase tarvitsi 1938 kevyen pommikoneen, jolloin Glenn L. Martin Company valmisti Model 167:n, joka sai viralliseksi mallimerkinnäkseen XA-22. [1] Kone oli kaksimoottorinen kolmihenkisen miehistön tarvitseva täysmetallirunkoinen yksitaso, joka kykeni lentämään 447 km/h. Koneen omasuojana oli ylöspäin suunnattu kaksoiskonekivääri sekä neljä eteenpäin ampuvaa konekivääriä siivissä.

Konetta ei kuitenkaan hyväksytty tuotantoon, kun se hävisi vertailussa Douglasin A-20 koneelle. Yhtiö sai kuitenkin tilauksia Ranskasta ja Englannista siten, että konetta valmistettiin 450 kappaletta. [1]

Martin Baltimore II - History

English: Painting of Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (Cecil Calvert) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

More on Baltimore. Former Mayor and now Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley was on a History Channel series about the War of 1812.

The British fleet sailed up the Chesapeake and bombarded Fort McHenry. An American hostage watched from a British ship in the harbor. We got our National Anthem from here. The writer, Francis Scott Key.

Baltimore is the closest East Coast port to the American Midwest. The first railroad in the United States the Baltimore and Ohio was built to get that Midwestern traffic.

Traditionally, while you think of modern Baltimore as part of the Northeastern Megalopolis. For most of its history, Baltimore was very much a culturally Southern city. The city had many Confederate sympathizers, a large free African-American community and Abolitionists. If you wanted to see a clash Baltimore was it.

A Massachusetts regiment, marching to Washington was attacked while marching through Baltimore. It is known as the Baltimore Riot of 1861. Out of it came the Maryland state song, Maryland My Maryland

The despot’s heel is on thy shore, Maryland!* His torch is at thy temple door, Maryland! Avenge the patriotic gore That flecked the streets of Baltimore, And be the battle queen of yore, Maryland! My Maryland!

Hark to an exiled son’s appeal, Maryland! My mother State! to thee I kneel, Maryland! For life and death, for woe and weal, Thy peerless chivalry reveal, And gird thy beauteous limbs with steel, Maryland! My Maryland!

Thou wilt not cower in the dust, Maryland! Thy beaming sword shall never rust, Maryland! Remember Carroll‘s sacred trust, Remember Howard‘s warlike thrust,- And all thy slumberers with the just, Maryland! My Maryland!

Come! ’tis the red dawn of the day, Maryland! Come with thy panoplied array, Maryland! With Ringgold‘s spirit for the fray, With Watson‘s blood at Monterey, With fearless Lowe and dashing May, Maryland! My Maryland!

Come! for thy shield is bright and strong, Maryland! Come! for thy dalliance does thee wrong, Maryland! Come to thine own anointed throng, Stalking with Liberty along, And chaunt thy dauntless slogan song, Maryland! My Maryland!

Dear Mother! burst the tyrant’s chain, Maryland! Virginia should not call in vain, Maryland! She meets her sisters on the plain- “Sic semper!” ’tis the proud refrain That baffles minions back amain, Arise in majesty again, Maryland! My Maryland!

I see the blush upon thy cheek, Maryland! For thou wast ever bravely meek, Maryland! But lo! there surges forth a shriek, From hill to hill, from creek to creek- Potomac calls to Chesapeake, Maryland! My Maryland!

Thou wilt not yield the Vandal toll, Maryland! Thou wilt not crook to his control, Maryland! Better the fire upon thee roll, Better the blade, the shot, the bowl, Than crucifixion of the soul, Maryland! My Maryland!

I hear the distant thunder-hum, Maryland! The Old Line‘s bugle, fife, and drum, Maryland! She is not dead, nor deaf, nor dumb- Huzza! she spurns the Northern scum! She breathes! she burns! she’ll come! she’ll come! Maryland! My Maryland! Then, there was the Baltimore Plot, where President Lincoln had to sneak through Baltimore on the way to Washington for his inauguration. (Baltimore had an ordinance saying rail lines could not pass through it. To travel farther South, you had to change trains). So there is a little Baltimore history for you.

Vývoj [ editovat | editovat zdroj ]

Sériová výroba ve státě Maryland byla zahájena padesátikusovou produkcí Martin Baltimore Mk.I, na kterou navázala stokusová série Baltimore Mk.II. Letouny byly poháněny dvojicí hvězdicových motorů Wright R-2600-A5B, které roztáčely třílisté vrtule. Výzbroj tvořilo až 7 kulometů ráže 7,7 mm, z nichž čtyři Browning byly napevno instalované v křídle, jeden až dva Vickers K v hřbetním střelišti a jeden ve spodním prosazení trupu. Do Spojeného království začaly přicházet od října 1941, přičemž verze Mk.I byly určeny především k zajištění operačního výcviku a Mk.II byly předávány bombardovacím perutím RAF.

Další verzí, vyrobenou v počtu 250 kusů, byl Baltimore Mk.III s motory R-2600-19. Původní ručně ovládanou defenzivní výzbroj v horním střelišti nahradila hydraulicky ovládaná střelecká věž Boulton Paul se čtveřicí kulometů ráže 7,7 mm.

Další výrobní blok v počtu 281 strojů, objednaný USAAF jako A-30, byl nakonec celý směřován do Velké Británie pod označením Baltimore Mk.IIIA. Tato verze byla vybavena elektricky ovládanou věží Martin se dvěma kulomety ráže 12,7 mm. Dalších v podstatě shodných 294 kusů A-30A převzalo RAF pod označením Baltimore Mk.IV.

V prosinci 1942 byla zahájena výroba poslední sériově vyráběné obměny Baltimore Mk.V (600 kusů), vyzbrojené výhradně kulomety ráže 12,7 mm. Za pohonné jednotky byly vybrány výkonnější Wrighty R-2600-29 o 1250 kW.

File:Martin Baltimore - Royal Air Force in Tunisia, April 1943 TR850.jpg

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History of St. Maarten - St-Martin

The Amerindian people, descended from the Arawak Indians who came to St. Martin/ St. Maarten around 800 AD used to call the island 'Sualouiga' or 'Land of Salt' as salt ponds were scattered all over the island. The Spaniards were the first Europeans to exploit these salt ponds, but it was the Dutch that started the wide-scale exploitation.

Early Settlers

They used salt to preserve meat and the tons of fish they netted in the Baltic Sea. With the break from Spain in the 16th century the Dutch lost access to Portugal's natural salt deposits and were in dire need of a new source. They cast their eyes on St. Martin/St. Maarten with its numerous salt ponds and a new and important trade developed.

At the time that the Dutch finally established a settlement in St. Martin/St. Maarten in 1631, there was already a colony of 14 French families based on the island. In 1633 the Spaniards invaded St. Martin/St. Maarten and the attempts of the French and Dutch to protect their settlements were futile, so they retreated until the Spanish troops left the island in 1648. On March 23rd 1648, The French and Dutch signed the "Treaty of Concordia" (click for original text). The island has been divided, and the story of how it happened has been embellished throughout history to become the 'Legend of St. Martin/St. Maarten'. Even after the signing of the treaty however, the island changed hand 16 times with even English powers vying for control. In 1817 the partition treaty was eventually enforced, giving the French 21 square miles and the Dutch 16 square miles and giving shape to the island as we know it today.

Slave Trade

The slave trade first made its mark on St. Martin/St. Maarten in 1648 with the development of sugar plantations, and was to last 220 years until its abolition in 1848. With the abolition of slavery, the plantations on St. Martin/St. Maarten dried out leaving virtually no sugar industry. The island was now wholly dependent on its salt treasure. The 'white gold' was produced in great quantities and St. Martin/St. Maarten became a king in the world of salt production. In 1850 more then 330,000 barrels were produced and a third of the island's population was employed in the industry. After the 1920's the salt industry endured a period of stagnation and decline until in 1949 the salt ponds eventually breathed their last.

Nazi Submarines

With the closing down of the plantations and the slowing down of the salt production many unemployed migrated to other islands in hope of a better life. In 1914 there were still 3000 living souls on St. Martin/St. Maarten, but by the 1940's the population was down to 2000. The imposed isolation by the two world wars also helped along the decline. World War II had the greatest effect on St. Martin. During this war, German submarines threatened the entire Caribbean. The US Army tried to eliminate these U-boats from the air and was forced to build many air runways on numerous islands, which is how St. Martin/St. Maarten's Princess Juliana airport began its life in 1943. With the airport, a gateway was opened to the rest of the world and the new industry of tourism nestled on the island.


The duty free status, a result of the import and export taxes being rescinded in 1939, and the many unspoiled white sandy beaches, made St. Martin/St. Maarten a popular travel destination. The influx of people and money changed the island completely. Not only did St. Martin/St. Maarten go through huge economic growth in 1965 the population jumped to more than 4000 inhabitants. In five years the population had doubled and by the mid-80's 40,000 people were living on the island.

The laid-back island attitude of old has now made place for a patchwork of more then 100 hotels and guest-houses and innumerable luxury villa's and apartments. The island welcomes almost 900 000 cruise ship visitors and more than 570,000 plane arrivals a year. In less then a decade the little pearl of the Caribbean has become one of the most affluent in the region.

Recent Events

We can not go through St. Martin/St. Maarten's history without mentioning the most significant recent events that left a deep impact on the island. In 1995 the powerful and destructive Hurricane Luis struck the islands and caused huge devastation. It took four years for the island to recover but in 1999 Hurricane Lenny was destined to pass over the island to wreak more havoc. Despite serious damage inflicted by rain and flood, the people of St. Martin/St. Maarten know how laughter can heal the soul, and that is one of the reasons visitors keep coming to the island, the prime tropical escape of the Caribbean. It took Hurricane Irma in September 2017 to knock the island down one more time, with 90% of buildings damaged or totally destroyed. And yet. here we are again, ready to offer a great Caribbean vacation experience.

On October 10th, 2010, the Southern part of the island became an independent country. Sint Maarten still is a member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands with King Willem-Alexander being the head of State. But the previous patch work nation of the Netherlands Antilles has ceased to exist as a nation and the Dutch side is not governed by Curacao anymore. With a surface territory of only 17 square miles and about 9,000 voters, St. Maarten is one of the smallest countries in the world.

As you can see, there is much to learn and explore about this tiny spot in the Caribbean Sea. Welcome to St. Martin/St. Maarten, The Friendly Island!

Martin Baltimore II - History

( All weblinks within this document are highlighted in " Blue " )

Last update to this webpage:

( Originally created in June, 2009 )

Displayed on this page are:
Last Names Beginning with: " Letter's A through K "

For Last Names Beginning with L - Z

The following list was created in the memory of the brave men and women from the City of Baltimore that gave their all for their State and Country during World War II. Soldiers, Sailors and Merchant Marine, are all included on this listing.

There are personal "online memorials" for each of these honored men and women that were created for them by using the "Find A Grave" website. You will see a blue " Yes " behind their names and by clicking on the " Yes " you will see their personal memorial that has been created for them. On "many" of the online memorials you will see a small biography for each soldier which includes: parent's names, where they lived and where and how they actually died. If you see one without a bio and you have information on them please email me and I'll update their records.

The City Of Baltimore had a total of:

Soldiers, Sailors & Merchant Marine who "Gave Their All" during World War II

( I'm 99.9% sure all from The City Of Baltimore are included in the below listing ) Who Is Included in this listing:

Soldiers and Sailors who died during the war - December 7, 1941 through September 2, 1945 .

( Some others may have been included that died close to the war's end from " wounds " and/or " disease ". ) -->

Information was used from the following links at the National Archives for this report on the "Army & Air Force":

"Multiple" links were used at the National Archives for those in the "Navy & Coast Guard"

Also Please Note: The records show these men and women as either enlisting, being originally from, or having strong ties to the City Of Baltimore. Therefore some of these soldiers may not necessarily be from the particular county noted.

On some of the records you will note that the "Cemetery/Memorial" column shows " Unknown " . If you know where any of these men or women are interred please let me know by sending me an " email " to: " [email protected] " - ( or by clicking here ) " and I'll insure that the information is noted for their record.

Whether a soldier or sailor was " Killed In Action " , " Missing In Action " ,
" Died of Wounds " , or even died in the " Line Of Duty " .

Whether a soldier or sailor was awarded medals or not .

They are all " HERO'S " in my book and deserve all the recognition they can get !!

Special Thanks To Find A Grave Members:
( For all their countless hours of " Volunteer Time " to remember our Veterans )

" Dan Phelan " :
For his great help locating burials, record updates, Merchant Marine Research,
" and " taking photos for " All Of Maryland " and " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide " !

" Andy " :
For his great photos and research work in the Epinal American Cemetery, France
" and " record updates " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide " !
" Anne Cady " :
For her great help locating burials in Maryland & New York
" and " record updates " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide " !
" Eric Ackerman " :
For all his great research " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide " !
" Janice Hollandsworth " :
For her great help locating burials, research,
" and " record updates " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide " !
" John Dowdy " :
For his great help with the Army Air Force, locating burials
" and " flight crew reports " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide " !
" Shaneo " :
For his great help locating burials
" and " record updates " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide " !
" Steve S " :
For his great photos and research work in the Manila American Cemetery,
" and " record updates " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide " !
" Tim Cook " :
For his great help with the Army Air Force, locating burials, taking photos,
" and " flight crew reports " For Soldiers & Sailors Nationwide " !

Key to Abbreviations and Notes:

AM = Awarded the " Air Medal "

( Meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flight. )
AM+ = Awarded " Multiple Air Medals "

( Noted as Oak Leaf Clusters attached to " First " Air Medal. )

BS = Awarded the " Bronze Star "

( 4th highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service )
BS+ = Awarded multiple " Bronze Stars "

( Noted as Oak Leaf Cluster attached to " First " Bronze Star. )

DFC = Awarded the " Distinguished Flying Cross "

( Awarded for heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight. )

DSC = Awarded the " Distinguished Service Cross "

( 2nd highest award for extreme gallantry and risk of life. )

DSM = Awarded the " Distinguished Service Medal "

( Awarded for Exceptionally meritorious service to the Government of the United States. )

FDC = Awarded the " Croix de Guerre "

( Awarded by France for those soldiers who distinguish themselves by acts of heroism. )

LOM = Awarded the " Legion Of Merit "

( Awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. )

MM = Awarded the " Mariner's Medal "

( Awarded to the Merchant Marines for being wounded or killed in action )
MM* = Awarded the " Mariner's Combat Bar "

( Awarded to Merchant Mariners who have been in combat action )
MM** = Awarded the " Mariner's Combat Bar Star "

( Combat Star's awarded to those who are forced to abandon ship when attacked or damaged )
MDS = Awarded the " Mariner's Distinguished Service Medal "

( Awarded for " Heroism Beyond the Call of Duty ". )

MOH = Awarded the " Medal Of Honor "

( Highest military honor, awarded for personal acts of valor above and beyond the call of duty. )

NC = Awarded the " Navy Cross "

( 2nd highest military decoration for valor that may be awarded to a member of the Navy, Marines, or Coast Guard. )

PH = Awarded the " Purple Heart "

( Awarded for being wounded in action. )
PH+ = Awarded " Multiple Purple Hearts "

( Noted as Oak Leaf Clusters attached to " First " Purple Heart. )

POW = Awarded the " Prisoner Of War Medal "

( Awarded for serving as a Prisoner of the enemy. )

PUC = Awarded a " Presidential Unit Citation "

( Awarded to a unit for heroism or extraordinary achievement. )

SM = Awarded the " Soldier's Medal "

( Awarded for distinguished heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy )
SS = Awarded the " Silver Star "

( 3rd highest award, awarded for gallantry in action )

Other Medals
Such as Good Conduct, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign, American Defense Service Medals, etc. " Are Not " included in this listing.

= Photo of person shown on online memorial
= Photo of tombstone or listing shown on online memorial

( in awards field ) = not applicable

( in photo field ) = not available

Cenotaph = A memorial stone only, remains not recovered or possibly interred somewhere unknown.

Those Included: = Died during the war

" December 7, 1941 " through " September 2, 1945 " .
( Some others have been included that died close to the war's end possibly from wounds or illiness )

Watch the video: مغامرات مارتن مارتن ميسنري-الحلقه الخامسه والثلاثون-2 (January 2022).